This is an attempt to make an old mouth look younger, by filing the incisor teeth short and level.
A false mark is then gouged out of the centre of the table and blackened with caustic.
This can be detected by: Closing the mouth, when the teeth will not meet naturally Noting the absence of the enamel rim to the false mark and errors in its shape due to the slips of the gouge Noting traces of the rasp or file used to shorten the teeth Uneven Wear When chewing food, the jaws of the horse act in a grinding action, moving from side to side as well as up and down.
Owing to this, and the fact that the upper jaw of the horse is normally broader than the lower jaw, uneven wear occurs.
Ridges of often very sharp teeth may be found on the outside of the upper teeth.
In the lower teeth the sharp edges are found on the inside.
These edges may be so sharp as to cause lacerations to the tongue, from the lower jaw, and to the cheeks from the upper jaw, particularly if the cheeks are fleshy. Many cases of bit problems and general ‘mouthiness’ may be attributed to uneven wear of the teeth.
If the problem is not identified at an early stage, the horse will experience difficulty in chewing its food properly with a resultant loss of condition.
Horses with this problem often spit out moist partly chewed lumps of food, a problem known as ‘Quidding’. A regular inspection of the horse’s mouth should be carried out by his rider to prevent problems arising.
If uneven wear is discovered the sharp edges of the molars must be rasped down.
The matter is to be brought to the attention of a supervising officer for action. Overshot and Undershot Mouth The overshot mouth, more commonly known as ‘Parrot Mouth’, is a defect in the conformation of the jaw, and is considered to be an unsoundness.
In the case of the Parrot Mouth, the incisors of the upper jaw protrude beyond and overlap the incisors of the lower jaw. In the case of an undershot mouth, the incisors of the lower jaw protrude beyond and overlap the incisors of the upper jaw.
In both cases digestive problems usually result and colic is very common because of the horse’s inability to bite in a normal fashion. Date of Ageing Horses are usually aged from 1st January (Thoroughbred), others from May. The terms ‘rising’ and ‘off’ are frequently used; eg ‘rising six’ means ‘nearly six’, ‘six off’ means ‘past six’ but not yet rising seven. SEX, AND NAMES GIVEN ACCORDING TO AGE — All first aid should be applied with care and if you are uncertain about how to use a treatment seek advice. PROBLEMS WITH THE MOUTH Lampus – Lampus is a swelling of the mucus membrane behind the incisor teeth and over the palate.
There is often a mild degree of inflammation and pain.
It often occurs in young animals as their teeth are changing, but may be an indication of anaemia or low condition following a virus infection. Treatment involves attention to the general health of the horse, together with specific symptomatic treatment of feeding soft food and rubbing common salt crystals into the affected membrane. Injuries to the Mouth – The corners of the horse’s mouth may occasionally become sore and cracked.
This can be caused by a badly fitted bit, rough handling or a young horse with a soft mouth.
No bit should be placed in the mouth until the injury has healed and it should be kept clean by using a mild saline solution.
When the horse is brought back into work a small amount of Vaseline or similar product spread on the corners will help to prevent this happening again.
Where the horse is experiencing problems with the mouth partially chewed food may be dropped from the mouth.
This is known as ‘quidding’. RESPIRATORY CONDITIONS Coughs – If your horse is coughing, note the following principles: Do not take the horse anywhere near other horses until it is established that the cough is not infectious On no account work the horse when it has a cough except on the advice of your vet.
To do so might at best prolong the cough, and at worst cause permanent damage to it’s wind. Take the horse’s temperature Keep it in an environment which is as dust-free as possible. Dampen all hay and feed. Cough electuary will help to soothe the throat. There are four main types of cough: 1.
Coughs associated with the common cold, which are in the form of laryngitis or sore throat. 2.
Coughs caused by a viral or bacterial infection, which can be very tiresome and persistent.
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